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New report identifies the highest carbon emitter in East Africa

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Emissions accounting and drivers in East African countries, published by Science Direct, focussed on the carbon emission inventories of Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Djibouti, Eritrea, Rwanda and Burundi.

East Africa is typical of the less developed economies that have emerged since the 21st century, whose brilliant economic miracle has also triggered the rapid growth of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions.

However, previous carbon accounting studies have never focused on the region. Based on multi-source data, this paper rebuilt the 45-sectors carbon emission inventories of eight East African countries from 2000 to 2017, and used index decomposition analysis to quantify the drivers of growth. Here we found that overall the CO2 emissions show a ’two-stage exponential growth’ pattern, with significant heterogeneity between countries. In terms of the energy mix, technical progress in hydro and geothermal energy was almost offset by a growing appetite for oil and coal, making it the weak and valuable factor driving emissions reduction (− 1.4Mt).

But it was far from enough to overcome the pressure of economic and population growth, which brought about a 13Mt and 11Mt emission growth respectively from 2000 to 2017. Increasing energy intensity due to industrialization and transport development also contributed to an increment of 6.4Mt.

Low-carbon policies should be tailored to local conditions and targeted at the improvement of energy efficiency and use of renewable energy so as to achieve a win-win situation between sustainable economic growth and emission reduction.

This paper rebuilds the CO2 emission inventories and spatial and temporal evolution patterns of eight East African countries from 2000 to 2017 based on multi-source data.

 

Excerpt of: Emission accounting and drivers in East African countries (Science Direct 2022).

 

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