Social impact of solar home systems in rural Bangladesh: A case study of rural zone

The Initial research on the Solar Home System (SHS) was related to an evaluation of its present circumstances in Bangladesh. Afterwards, considering its increasing demand, a significant research study was conducted to find standardized qualifiation testing procedures for SHS components. Sequentially, the following research deals with the socio-economic impact and sustainable development in rural areas of Bangladesh using SHS. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methodological tactics, were used to provide descriptive evidence concerning electricity’s impact on the assess able socio-economic data. Qualitative consultations with the specialists involved in the SHS propagation method, delivered overall information related to SHS packages and exposed the professional’s individual opinion regarding socio-economic impacts of solar elect ricity in a rural part of Bangl adesh. To finalize this information with field-level data, a pervasive household survey and individual short interviews with shop-keepers were performed in a rural area near Dhaka city. 
SHS’s contribute to sustainable development mainly through the improvement of social aspects in rural life. The implementation of SHS’s in rural Bangladesh, causes optimistic impacts, particularly in the areas of education, health, information, communication, social security and household works. Moreover, the plummeting of CO2 emissions through the substitution of traditional lighting fuels has to be mentioned as a positive environment al impact. The economic impacts of the SHS’s are limited to an increas e in income of shops. Previously SHS’s were mostly used by households who possessed high incomes however by now focusing on the poorer hous eholds has extended the opportunity of developing both socio-economic groups. During the last few decades, the implementation rate of SHSs are much notable than any other renewable energy system. This is especially so in rural areas. Showing the impact on rural development, this research will amplify the opportunity of SHS’s in the long run having adequate government subsidy.

Source: IAFOR Journal of Sustainability, Energy and the Environment, vol. 1, issue 1, 2014

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