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Market creation for clean energy access. Insights from Bihar

In the recent years, enterprise approach for energy service delivery in the rural and remote areas has gained wider momentum. This has resulted in surge of social enterprise start-ups that provide decentralized clean energy services to households in the bottom of the pyramid (BoP) segments of Bihar. 
Statistics on rural energy access reveal Bihar has the lowest number of rural households that have access to modern energy. However, rampant poverty in rural Bihar and consequent affordability issues minimize growth prospects for most of these social enterprises that are already grappling with dual challenges of scale-up and sustainability. Hence, newer models for energy access service delivery have to be explored. 
Based on learning from implementation of an energy access project in Purnia district of Bihar, this report emphasizes on energy entrepreneur model and recommends shift of energy access goals from mere dissemination to wider goal of market creation. Further, it recommends approaches for triggering market creation in BoP through engagement of local institutions in sales and service of frugal technology solutions.

Download the full report here.

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