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With a growing population, there is a large increase in the amount of energy consumed which increases demand and prices. Farmers are encouraged to shift from fossil fuels to low-carbon sources of energy of renewables including hydropower, solar and wind.
While charcoal remains a lucrative business and creates employment for many, it brings along with it many problem, one main one being deforestation. To limit the negative effects of this product on forest cover, the government amended the External Trade Act in 1987 to prohibit the export of charcoal.
In Uganda, many solar installations in rural areas are carried out by freelancers. These usually have little knowledge of solar technology and are therefore unable to provide customers with professional information.
The program hopes to reach up to 150,000 Ugandans through interventions including behavioral change communication campaigns to guide communities on some of the energy saving best practices. Some of the behavior change messages targeting mostly households will emphasize practices such as cutting energy wastage in home appliances.
Cleaner technologies have a higher calorific value, meaning more heat is generated to cook meals faster and suffer lower energy loss compared to traditional options. The Uganda Bureau of Statistics, 2021 report indicates that of the 94 percent Ugandan households that primarily depend on biomass, 73 percent use firewood while 21 percent use charcoal
The Ugandan government has announced its plan to construct the country’s 1st — and likely Africa’s 3rd — nuclear facility, the Buyende Nuclear Power Plant, in collaboration with China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) that would assist Uganda in developing capabilities for peaceful use of atomic energy.
While Uganda is a developing country and might not have the sufficient budget to develop technologies and infrastructure for sustainable energy, partnering with private sector investors can aid the development of the required grid infrastructures.
An estimated 5,551 people will have to move off their land to make way for the $10 billion oilfields and pipeline project in Uganda and Tanzania. The company says 93 per cent of those who have to be relocated have signed compensation agreements. Some got cash for land, while others were moved to new homes or were offered training.

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