The greater Horn of Africa – defined in this report as Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda – represents nearly a quarter of sub-Saharan Africa’s GDP, and is home to some of the fastest growing economies, but also many areas that face ongoing conflict and instability.
Fuel costs have more than doubled since the military coup last year and drivers have complained about earning less than they spend. Amid the economic crisis, Sudan’s electricity supplies have suffered too, with frequent power cuts.
UNFPA piloted a renewable energy project in Abu Jebiha, South Kordofan by partnering with Global Aid Hand to install a solar power system in Abu Jebiha Hospital. On 31 December 2021, all hospital facilities began operating with 24/7 renewably-powered electricity, including the maternity ward, operation rooms, blood bank refrigerators, incubators.
The Africa Minigrid Developers Association (AMDA), represented by Chief Executive Officer, Jessica Stephens, and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) represented by the Secretary General, Ms Chileshe Mpundu Kapwepwe, signed a Memorandum of Understanding between the two organizations.
Sudan’s lack of foreign reserves has meant frequent trouble securing a stable supply of petrol, diesel, fuel oil, and cooking gas, which have resulted in frequent lines at gas stations, power cuts, and protests.
Land under cultivation increased 46%, driven by the elimination of potentially devesting losses to farmers from crop failures (from lack of fuel), thanks to reliable, constant power.
Sudan’s first solar laboratory has recently opened its doors in the capital Khartoum. The laboratory will mainly help ensure the quality and longevity of imported solar systems and support the country’s electricity transition.
To demonstrate the potential of renewables in Sudan, a $4.4 million Global Environmental Facility (GEF) grant allowed UNDP to trial 29 solar-pumped farms in the Sahara-encompassed Northern State.